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Symptom Checker

Click or tap different areas of the image to learn more about common symptoms.

Bladder dysfunction

Increased urinary frequency, urgency, dribbling, hesitancy, or incontinence.
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Bowel dysfunction

Constipation, diarrhea, or bowel incontinence.
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Breathing problems

Progressive weakening of chest muscles which control breathing; Pneumonia infections.
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Cognitive dysfunction

Difficulty with memory, attention, or problem-solving; Impaired judgment or ability to make decisions.
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Sensation of light-headedness or spinning.
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Emotional changes

Mood swings, depression, stress, or anxiety; Uncontrolled laughing or crying.
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Feeling of overwhelming tiredness which can be severe and debilitating.
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Lhermitte’s sign

Electrical sensation which travels down back and into the limbs when head is flexed forward, may only cause mild tingling in limbs.
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Loss of sensation in any area of body.
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  • Paresthesia: tingling or pins and needles
  • Somatic pain
  • Headache (may be comorbid with MS)
  • Trigeminal neuralgia: pain in the nerves of the face
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Paroxysmal symptoms

Paroxysmal symptoms, involving unusual sensations or muscular contractions, are relatively unique to MS and are sometimes confused for seizures that occur with epilepsy. However, MS-related paroxysmal symptoms, unlike epileptic seizures, do not result from a short-circuiting of brain waves and do not have the features typical of seizures in brain wave studies.
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Brief episodes of unconsciousness and abnormal movements. Not the same as Paroxysmal symptoms: brief episodes of spasms, pain, or blurred vision (Uhthoff’s syndrome)
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Sexual dysfunction

In males: impaired genital sensation, decreased sexual drive, erectile dysfunction, delayed ejaculation, or decreased force of ejaculation.
In females: impaired genital sensation, including pain, numbness, or itching, decreased sexual drive and/or lubrication, diminished orgasmic response, or weakness in vaginal muscles
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Extreme stiffness, loss of elasticity of arm and leg muscles; Muscle spasms causing pain and limiting function.
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Speech disorders

Dysarthria or slurred speech.
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Swallowing difficulty

Dysphagia or difficulty swallowing
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Oscillating movement of arms, head, neck, or trunk; Tremors can also affect the vocal cords.
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Sensation of light-headedness or spinning
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Vision problems

  • Optic neuritis: an inflammation of optic nerve causing reduced vision or blindness, often sudden
  • Double vision or diplopia
  • Reduced contrast sensitivity
  • Internuclear ophthalmoplegia or INO, resulting in blurred vision
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Walking difficulty

Problems with gait, balance, coordination, and weakness.
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  • Paraplegia: weakness in both legs
  • Possible weakness in legs, arms, hands, hip flexors, shins, or other muscle groups
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